Esej / monografia naukowa dr. Manfreda Richtera
This essay aims to stress the necessity of the „conciliary process“ to reach real all-Christian reconciliation and common perspectives in the third millennium by recalling different „reformations“ in Christian basic movements as well as in theology and the roles of councils as deciding bodies of Christianity.
First, it points to two fundamental events in the history of the church in the second millennium 600 years ago: the struggle of Jan Hus in Prague for reformation – and connected to this – the Council of Konstanz 1414-1418, which had sentenced him to death. On the other hand, this council was the beginning of the emancipation of the church against the so far practised „plenitudo potestatis“ of a Pope (its unrestricted full power, as dogmatised in 1870).
These events were followed 500 years ago by the reformation(s) of the 16th century, initiated by Martin Luther’s famous 95 Theses of 1517, connected again to the call for a free and representative council. This being rejected by Rome, the Latin Christianity was split into different churches which created religious hatred and wars for centuries.
But – nourished by the Hussite movement – the Brethren’s Church („Moravians“), simply called themselves a „Unitas fratrum“ as a part of Christianity. Their Bishop Jan Amos Komenský (1592-1670) explored the ways able to lead to Christian reconciliation, asking for a permanent „Consultatio catholica“ on the „emendation“ of science, politics and religion: „Christianimus reconciliabilis Christo reconciliatore“. He was well known as Europe’s most famous pedagogue, but by now his ecumenical engagement is almost unknown. Before the end of the Thirty Year’s religious war, he was the first person to reclaim an ecumenical synod giving philosophical, theological and methodological advise. Due to this, he may be considered a Father of today’s Conciliarism, whose single steps during the last one hundred years and worthy results are evaluated in the last parts of this essay.
It is closed by the appeal for a „common voice“ of Christianity and the proposal of a first all-Christian „Enzyklika“ to humankind.
Marula Richter, Berlin
„Losy” – nowy tomik poezji Danuty Kobyłeckiej
„W poetyckiej wizji Kobyłeckiej wciąż mamy szansę na wygraną. Konieczne jest jednak zaangażowanie i konsekwentne wybieranie określonych wartości. Pośród nich jest chociażby czas poświęcany bliskim, kontakt z Bogiem i naturą. Na antypodach tych wyborów są egoizm, materialna strona bycia w świecie, pomijanie wartości estetycznych oraz redukowanie metafizycznych wymiarów egzystencji”. [fragmenty wstępu]
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